- Almost 30% of your total compensation can come from benefits – making the right elections can have a big impact
- Benefits are an essential piece of your overall plan and can help you protect what matters most, lower your taxes, and save money
- To make smart, informed decisions, you need a proactive strategy that takes into account your plans for the next 12 months
- You need to review the core insurance benefits – health, disability, and life – every year to ensure they are adequate
- You need to take advantage of other benefits – like retirement and voluntary programs – to make the most of open enrollment
Open enrollment season is a critical period when you will make decisions that are essential to your health and wellness—personally and financially. And it only comes around once per year. So it’s a very small window for some very big decisions that will impact your life and your money for the next 12 months.
Somewhere between 30% to 40% of overall employee compensation, on average, is made up of workplace benefits. This means the decisions you make during your open enrollment period can affect one-third of your total compensation. With this kind of money on the line, you need a plan to help you make smart, informed decisions with your benefit elections.
Let’s explore workplace benefits and why they are an essential piece of your overall financial plan.
What are Benefits and Why Do They Matter?
Workplace, or employee benefits, are non-wage forms of compensation offering health insurance and paying part of the premium. Your employer offers these benefits in addition to your regular pay—your base, bonus, and even stock compensation.
Whether you are starting a new job or making your annual elections, benefits are important for two main reasons. First, they have become a critical part of compensation packages as employers look to attract and retain the best talent. Second, benefits are a great way to get the insurance protection you need, lower your taxes, save thousands every year, and help you prepare for retirement.
Here are some questions to help you prepare for open enrollment season.
Three Essential Questions to Make Smart Elections
Around 70% of employers opt for what is known as passive enrollment, which means they don’t proactively help you plan for, opt-in to, or make benefits decisions. Said another way, it’s up to you to make the right elections.
Here are three essential questions to help you get them right.
- Have any benefits changed since last year? Options often change year to year, so you need to know what changed and how it affects your choices.
- Are there any life milestones or big events planned for the next year? The key is to make decisions based on your plans for the next 12 months and not the last 12.
- Are you ready to make elections when open enrollment begins? Have a plan before you have to make your choices. Rushing to make decisions during a short window of time will lead to uninformed decisions that can cost you money.
These three questions will have you on your way to making more competent, informed decisions. Now let’s look at the benefits and the choices you need to make.
The Foundational Benefits
The core benefits employers offer come in the form of insurance—which protects your health, income, and family in the event of an emergency.
Let’s take a look at each and how you can get the right protection.
- Health insurance: Health insurance comes in all shapes and sizes and with many acronyms—PPO, HMO, FSA, HSA. The main decision you need to make is whether you will go with a traditional health plan—with a higher premium but a lower deductible—or a high deductible health plan (HDHP) – typically with a lower premium and a higher deductible.
- Which plan is right for you? It’s a personal decision that depends on where you are today, the life milestones you plan for, and your overall health. Often, an HDHP with a health savings account (HSA) can be a smart choice, but you have to be prepared for the higher deductible. If a traditional plan makes sense, you need a plan for how you will use your flexible spending accounts (FSAs) for both healthcare and dependent care. And keep an eye out for dental and vision plans. They are inexpensive benefits that can save you money.
- Disability insurance: The second main benefit protects your income if you can’t work due to a disability. There are two types—short- and long-term—and both can play an important role in your overall plan. Long-term disability is a must, and you want to cover around 60% of your total earnings. Short-term is optional. If you have a healthy emergency fund, a second income in the household, or a plan for a short disruption in income, you can pass on it. If a short income disruption would create issues, sign up for short-term disability.
- Life insurance: This final benefit protects you and your family from the unexpected loss of a life. If you are single and have no dependents, group life insurance may not be necessary. However, if you have a partner, children, or dependent adult, group life is something you need to consider. Employers generally offer two types of coverage—basic and voluntary.
Basic insurance is often a small amount of coverage (e.g., $50,000 or 1 times your salary) offered to all employees whether you opt-in or not. Voluntary coverage is optional coverage above the basic amount. It’s often provided in multiples of your salary, 2 times to 6 or 8 times your annual pay. If additional insurance makes sense, you will want to compare the coverage and cost to an individually owned life insurance policy your employer does not offer.
Retirement and the Rest of Your Benefits
While you can make changes to your retirement plan throughout the year, open enrollment provides an excellent opportunity to review your contributions and investments. Make sure you contribute enough to get your full employer match, and increase your contributions if you can – even a 1% increase can have a big impact. And take the time to review your investment selections to ensure the right level of risk.
Outside of retirement, a growing number of ancillary or optional benefits are being offered as employers try to meet the evolving needs of their people, so it’s important you know how to make the most of them.
Benefits will vary from company to company, but they can include student loan repayment assistance, tuition and graduate school support, health and wellness benefits like gym memberships, and even free or reduced legal services. These benefits can be worth thousands of dollars per year.
And don’t overlook other benefits like paid time off for a nice vacation or two, paid leave for when you need to handle personal or family matters, relocation assistance for that next big move, and even childcare programs.
Open enrollment season offers an excellent opportunity to elect essential benefits that protect your health, income, loved ones, and future financial security and independence. Having a plan and making smart, informed decisions around your benefits will protect what matters most and reduce your taxes and put more money in your pocket. Your benefits are one facet of a much bigger financial picture and an essential piece of your overall plan.
A financial plan that looks at all aspects of your life can help you make confident decisions regarding your workplace benefits.
Learn how a CFP® Professional at Facet can help you make the proper elections and navigate these decisions with clarity and confidence.